About Hair Loss

Alopecia Areata – Hair Restoration – Plano, TX

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Overview

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune reaction that causes your body's immune system to attack its own hair follicles, leading to sudden hair loss that leaves smooth, roundish bald patches on the skin. The patches of baldness can be isolated or multiple and in severe cases, eventually combine to cover the entire scalp. This type of hair loss can also be found on any hair-bearing area such as eyebrows, eyelashes, beards or pubic region.

Causes

Just why or how alopecia areata develops is not entirely known, however, a person's genetic makeup, combined with other factors, triggers this form of hair loss. Anyone can get this disease, however your chances are slightly greater if you have a relative with the disease. The diagnosis is usually made by visual inspection of the scalp and hair, however in some instances scalp biopsy may be necessary.

Treatment

Alopecia areata is a highly unpredictable and cyclical condition, so despite treatment hair can grow back in or fall out again at any time. Commonly, alopecia areata reverses itself within a year of the loss, but sometimes the hair never grows back. Treatment options include monthly corticosteroid injections to the scalp and early studies utilizing PRP therapy are promising.